Periodontal Therapy in Mandeville, LA
Most people are familiar with the term gingivitis (early gum disease), but have you heard of periodontitis? This is a more severe condition that can impact not just the health of your mouth and teeth but your whole body as well.
If you have either of these conditions, the dentist may recommend a course of periodontal therapy. This is an umbrella term for multiple treatments aimed at restoring the health of the gums to reverse gum damage and promote oral health.
There are both surgical and nonsurgical periodontal therapy treatments. Normally the least invasive treatment is preferred, so surgical options are only recommended in more severe cases. Treatments include:
- Tray Delivery System
Similar to a topical fluoride treatment, medication can be put into a dental tray which is then used to deliver the treatment directly to the gums. This is sometimes sent home with a patient to continue therapy between office visits.
- Root Planing
This process smooths the surface of the root of the tooth, which makes it more difficult for bacteria to adhere and begin forming new plaque or causing reinfections. This is normally done after the area has been thoroughly cleaned.
This process removes any plaque, bacteria, or other detritus from the area beneath the gumline and the tooth’s root.
- Gum Graft Surgery
If gums have receded so severely that the roots of the teeth are showing, a gum graft surgery may be indicated to reduce the chance of infection and tooth loss.
- Gum Flap Surgery
Gum flap surgery is performed by cutting the gum and folding it back to clean the area underneath. The gum is then put back and stitched into place.
While the consequences of periodontitis can be unpleasant, luckily the condition is easily avoidable. If you are strict about practicing excellent oral hygiene, there is little likelihood you will need to undergo periodontal therapy.
Simply brush your teeth twice a day, floss regularly, and don’t skip your twice-yearly dental exams to check for early signs of disease.